Here's some information about the woods we use for our pens and pencils

If you see a wood you like but we do not have a pen or pencil showing as in stock made from it, then just send an email with the details and we will let you know if it can be made for you.  info@hendrypens.co.uk 

Please note that the pictures are for illustration only, since wood being a natural product varies from piece to piece in its colour and figuring.

African Blackwood

African Blackwood

The African Blackwood tree is native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal. It is a small tree reaching just 4-15m tall with grey bark and spiny shoots.

Although sometimes referred to as ebony it is in fact related to the rosewoods. The sapwood is yellow-white in colour while the heartwood is dark purple-brown with black streaks. The wood is slightly oily to the touch, extremely fine and even textured. It is very heavy and hard.

The tonal qualities of African Blackwood are particularly valued when used in woodwind instruments such as clarinets, oboes and bagpipes.

Other uses include, piano keys, police truncheons, chess pieces knife handles and even mobile phone covers.

African Ebony

African Ebony

African Ebony, also known as Jackalberry due to the fondness of Jackals for its fruits, is a large deciduous tree found mostly in the savannas of Africa. Mature trees can reach 25m although more normally 4-5m.

A traditional food plant in Africa, the fruit is edible for humans with a rather lemon-like flavour. The dried fruits can be ground into flour and are often used to make beer and brandy.

The roots of the tree are often consumed to purge parasites and are also thought to be a cure for leprosy.

Ebony wood is one of the most recognizable woods there is. Known for its incredible black sheen and its density, it is considered the most valued wood today. Ebony is the Greek word for “fruit of the gods”, and historically it was used to make drinking goblets, as its wood was believed to be an antidote for poison. It was also used to make scepters and sculptures and in ancient days, people from Persia and India would travel to the Sahara regions of Africa to find it.

Ebony is considered the sturdiest, longest-lasting wood there is and because of this it has always been used for very important, meaningful purposes.

Amboyna Burr

Amboyna Burr

Amboyna is a marvellously luxurious burr (growth) from the tree that is commonly known as Narra, a rare, exotic hardwood that grows in Southeast Asia and has a fragrant aroma of roses. The trees grow up to 40m tall with a trunk 2m in diameter. The flower is used as a honey source while leaf infusions are used as shampoos.
 
Amboyna can vary in colour from yellow to golden brown to red. Thanks in part to its wavy grain, Amboyna Burr is figured with numerous, captivating swirls.
 
Used primarily for furniture and luxury car interiors Amboyna has become a rarity that is very scarce and is even difficult to obtain in veneer form. The wood is dense and course making it difficult to work and finish. Despite the shortcomings of the workability of this species it turns satisfactorily and takes a nice high polish. Amboyna is The World's most popular and sought after burr thus leading to a short supply.

American Black Walnut

Handmade American Black Walnut Wood Fountain Pen


The American black walnut tree grows in Canada and the US to 27m tall and 1.2m in trunk diameter.

The wood is a fine dense grain with long fibres and a strong crush resistance. The wood is very strong and resilient without undue weight. It is hard without being brittle. It machines, cuts and checkers very finely.

A prized cabinetmaking wood, it is also the chosen wood in the US for gunstocks and rifle butts. It is also used for quality furniture, musical instruments, sporting goods and sliced for decorative veneers.

The tree also produces edible nuts.

Beech - Spalted

Hand Made Spalted Beech Ballpoint Pen

The Beech is tree native to the UK where its natural range is South east and mid-England. A medium size broadleaved deciduous tree it grows to 15-40m preferring acid soil but does well on poor, sandy, shallow and chalky soils.

There are few folklore records relating to beech. It was thought to have medicinal properties though. In the past beech leaves were recommended as a relief for swellings, and boiling the leaves could make a poultice.

The wood is used for fuel, furniture, piles, tool handles, kitchen utensils and sports equipment. Beech wood burns also well and is used to smoke herrings. The nuts were also important as a source of food, particularly for pigs! They are energy rich and could be used to fatten pigs up for market.

In France the nuts are still sometimes roasted as a coffee substitute and they can also yield an oil which can be used in cooking or for oil lamps.

The unique colouration and patterns in the wood from which this pen was made comes from the Spalting which is caused by fungi. This also makes the wood very difficult to work with and a special stabilisation process is used to preserve its strength and beauty.


Birdseye Maple

Hand Crafted Birdseye Maple Wooden Rollerball Pen

Birdseye Maple is a rare type of wood from the Sugar Maple tree.

Sugar Maple trees are native to the hardwood forests on North America where they grow to 25-35m.

Birdseye Maple is a very hard wood with divergent grain structures caused by the Birdseyes which make it very difficult to work with. In the days when all furniture was made essentially by hand; Birdseye Maple was used by only the most capable cabinetmakers. These artisans had developed the tools and skills to work and finish Birdseye Maple successfully. Antique furniture made out of Birdseye Maple is rare and beautiful.

Now with modern tools it has become easier to work with the wood and Birdseye Maple can be found in private jets, luxury cars, musical instruments, pens, jewellery boxes and snooker cues.

Black and White Ebony

Handmade Black and White Ebony Wood Rollerball Pen

Black-and-white Ebony, Pale Moon Ebony, or Malabar ebony, (Diospyros malabarica) is a species of flowering tree in the family Ebenaceae that is native to the Indian Subcontinent and South East Asia.

It is a long lived, very slow growing tree, which can reach up to 35 m in height with a black trunk up to 70 cm in diameter.

A distinctive, true Ebony, Black & White Ebony is a very rare variety which has inky black variegation flowing through pale milky white. It is excellent for turning and for use in fancy articles. When turned, it is possible to obtain a high glass-like natural polish.

The fruits are round, yellow when ripe. It may be somewhat often astringent, even when ripe. Its common name is derived from the coast of southwestern India, Malabar. It is the provincial tree of Ang Thong Province in Thailand.

Unripe leaves and fruits were traditionally used to dye cloth black.
In India, the gum from the fruits is used to preserve the bottom of boats, to caulk seams and as a glue in book binding.

Bocote



Hand Made Bocote Wood Ballpoint PenBocote is a large canopy tree, with some specimens reaching up to 40m tall and 1m diameter, with a straight cylindrical bole above a narrow buttress. The name Bocote is Spanish for the species of Cordia that grows in Central America.
 
Bocote is a particularly fine, beautiful wood, with colours varying from light to golden brown and variegated irregular markings. It has an attractive ray fleck figure if quarter sawn. Bocote is a strong lustrous wood, with medium and uniform texture and straight or shallowly interlocked grain.
 
Bocote is in great demand for fine cabinetry, fine furniture, decorative and figured veneer, mouldings, inlay work, joinery, and turnery.
 
Bocote is a hard, dense, and fairly oily tropical wood that is highly prized for its dramatic, wild striping. These dark brown or black streaks, which sometimes form in concentric circles, give Bocote its defining look and lend finished products a truly distinctive appearance.

Boxwood


Boxwood

Brown Mallee Burr

Handmade Brown Mallee Burr Wood Pen

Brown Mallee is native to Austrailia and grows in arid bush conditions.
The wood is a creamy brown colour and in this example shows and extreme burr figure.
The burr figuring produces a quilted hologram effect with many curls and eyes throughout the piece.


Bubinga

Hand Cratfed Bubinga Wooden Ball Point Pen

Bubinga grows in Equatorial Africa. The tree can grow up to 40m tall and the trunk size can be 2m in diameter.

Fine grained. Hard and heavy it takes a high lustrous finish. The wood works without difficulty except for gum pockets. The grain can be straight on interlocked and irregular. Some logs are figured with a wavy, rosy grain. Bubinga is both durable and strong.

Heartwood ranges from a pinkish red to a darker reddish brown with darker purple or black streaks. Sapwood is a pale straw colour and is clearly demarcated from the heartwood
Common uses for Bubinga include: veneer, inlays, fine furniture, cabinetry, turnings, and other specialty items such as handgun grips, archery bow handles, acoustic and electric guitars. Since Bubinga trees can grow so large, natural-edge slabs of the wood have also been used in tabletops and other specialized projects.

Lexus also makes use of the wood in their luxury vehicles.

Cedar - Western Red

Cedar - Western Red

Cocobolo

Handmade Cocobolo Wood Fountain Pen

Cocobolo is a tropical hardwood of the tree Dalbergia retusa from Central America which grows to 15-25m in height.

What undoubtedly makes Cocobolo such a highly desirable wood is its eye-catching appearance. Consisting of orangish/reddish/brownish heartwood (often with dark traces weaving throughout) and sharply contrasting yellowish sapwood.

Only relatively small amounts of this prized wood reach the world market and it is expensive.

Cocobolo is a favourite among makers of fine pens, knife handles, peppermills, pool cues, bowls, boxes, musical instruments (particularly guitars), game calls, gun grips, and numerous other specialty items.


Cuban Mahogany

Cuban Mahogany

Cuban Mahogany trees grow in the Caribbean up to 20m tall with trunk sizes up to 1.5m in diameter.

Heartwood colour can vary from a pale pinkish brown, to a darker reddish brown. Typically, the denser the wood, the darker the colour.
Historically, perhaps the most celebrated and revered cabinet and furniture wood in the world. Cuban Mahogany has been used extensively in cabinetry and furniture-making for centuries in Europe and the United States

The Spanish explorers were quick to appreciate Mahogany's splendid properties and its early importation and use in cabinetwork is attested by the 16th Century date of some fine Spanish Renaissance remains.  Spain obtained timber from San Domingo, Cuba and Jamaica for building many ships of the Spanish Armada prior to 1588. Queen Elizabeth is said to have been interested in some mahogany brought by Sir Walter Raleigh after his return from Trinidad in 1595.

Cuban Mahogany’s easy workability, combined with its beauty and phenomenal stability have made this lumber an enduring favourite. Mahogany is commonly used for: furniture, cabinetry, turned objects, veneers, musical instruments, boat-building, and carving.

Curly Mango

Hand Turned Curly Mango Wood Fountain Pen

Ebony - Macassar

Ebony - Macassar

Fenland Bog Oak

Handmade Fenland Bog Oak Wood Fountain Pen


Many thousands of years ago the East Anglia fenland basin was very densely forested by gigantic Oak trees.

Approximately 7000 years ago a rise in sea level relative to land level caused the rivers to back up and flood the fens, consequently the trees died standing and then fell into the silt of the forest floor and many have been preserved under anaerobic conditions until now.

Due to cultivation of this productive land these sub-fossilized trees are coming to the surface causing much inconvenience to the farmers.

Over the years many thousands of tons of these extraordinary sub-fossilised trees have been excavated and burnt to enable continued cultivation of the fens.

Fortunately however some farmers take the view that these rare trees are a national treasure and have been very generous and supportive of any efforts to preserve as much as possible, there will come a time when there are simply no more buried in the peat.

The age of most species from the East Anglian fenland basin lie between 1,500BC to over 5,000BC

The characteristic black quality of Bog Oak is a result of a chemical reaction occurring between the tannins in the Oak and soluble irons present in the mineral subsoil.

There’s a lot more to Bog Oak than its colour, for example, it has a weight and density when dry comparable to the world's most expensive and highly prized tropical hardwoods. 

Bog Oak is the nation’s rarest and most valuable timber.


Hackberry - Spalted

Handmade Spalted Hackberry Wood Fountain Pen



The Hackberry tree is a medium size deciduous tree native to North America, also known as the nettletree, beaverwood, northern hackberry and American hackberry.
It is moderately long-lived hardwood with a light-coloured wood, yellowish gray to light brown with yellow streaks.

It produces small edible berries that turn orange-red to dark purple in the Autumn, often staying on the trees for several months.

The wood is a good strong hardwood that’s used a lot in furniture manufacturing. It is also one of the most bendable woods there is.

The unique colouration and patterns is this wood come from the Spalting which is caused by fungi. This also makes the wood very difficult to work with and a special stabilisation process is used to preserve its strength and beauty.

Holly Oak

Holly Oak

Quercus ilex, the Holly Oak or Holm Oak is a large evergreen oak native to the Mediterranean region. It takes its name from holm, an ancient name for holly.  It is a member of the white oak section of the genus, with acorns that mature in a single summer. It was first introduced to the United Kingdom in the 17th century. The first trees to be planted from acorns in the United Kingdom are still to be found growing within the stately grounds of Mamhead Park, Devon.

The wood is hard and tough, used since ancient times for general construction purposes as pillars, tools, wagons, vessels, and wine casks. Used as well as firewood, or in charcoal manufacture.

The Holm Oak is one of the top three trees used in the establishment of truffle orchards, or truffieres.  The acorns, like those of the Cork Oak, are edible (toasted or as a flour), and are an important food for free-range pigs reared for ibérico ham production. Boiled in water, the acorns can also be used as a medicinal treatment for injury dis-infections.

It can be clipped to form a tall hedge, and it is suitable for coastal windbreaks, in any well drained soil. It forms a picturesque rounded head, with pendulous low-hanging branches. Its size and solid evergreen character gives it an imposing architectural presence that makes it valuable in many urban and garden settings. While Holm Oak can be grown in much of northwestern Europe, it is not tolerant of cold continental winters.

Indian Rosewood

Indian Rosewood

Rosewoods in general have been prized throughout history because of their richly exotic and vividly contrasting grain. In terms of sheer beauty, few woods can compete with Rosewood.
They get their name from the distinct, rose-like scent when being worked.

The trees grow up to a maximum of 25m in height and 2-3m in diameter, they have leathery leaves and whitish pink fragrant flowers.
It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and is the state tree of the Punjab.
Rosewood is considered a rare and precious wood. It is priced according to its cost and according to its supply and demand.

Indian Rosewood has been used extensively on acoustic guitars since the mid 1960s
Indian Rosewood is commonly used for fine furniture, musical instruments, veneer, turned and other specialty wood objects.

Kingwood

Handmade Kingwood Wood Ballpoint Pen

Kingwood trees grow in Brazil up to 20m tall but with trunk diameters of less than 0.6m

The heartwood is dark purplish or reddish brown with darker black streaks, the sapwood is yellow.

Kingwood is very expensive and only available in small pieces due to the small size of the tree itself.

Considered a true rosewood in the Dalbergia genus, Kingwood is among the densest (and probably strongest) of all the rosewoods.

Kingwood supposedly got its name from several French kings (Louis XIV and Louis XV) that preferred the wood in the use of fine furniture.

Laburnum

Laburnum Wood

Laburnum trees are indigenous to the mountains of Central and Southern Europe, but is now widely cultivated across Europe and Britain. The tree was first introduced to Britain in 1597 at which time the famous medieval herbalist Gerard appears to have grown it in his garden under the names of Anagyris, Laburnum, and Bean Trefoil.

In Ceredigion, as well as Carmarthenshire, many field hedges are planted with the Laburnum tree (Laburnum anagyroides). In May and June, its long bunches of pea-like yellow flowers provide an unlikely splash of colour with its showy flowers giving this tree the alternative names of 'Golden Chain Tree' and 'Golden Rain Tree'.

Despite its poisonous nature, Laburnum does have some use. The heart-wood of the Laburnum was often used as an Ebony substitute as it is very hard and coloured a dark chocolate brown. The sapwood surrounding the heart-wood is in contrast a bright yellow. The wood has been used for making the handles of tools and for use in various crafts.

Laburnum has historically been used for cabinetmaking and inlay, as well as for musical instruments. In addition to such wind instruments as recorders and flutes, it was a popular wood for Great Highland bagpipes before taste turned to imported dense tropical hardwoods.

Lignum Vitae

Lignum Vitae Wood

Oak Burr

Oak Burr Wood

Padauk

Handcrafted Padauk Wood Ballpoint Pen

The trees grow up to 40m in height and trunks to 1.2m in diameter. They are native to Central and tropical West Africa. The leaves of some Padauk species provide protein in human diets as a substitute for green vegetables. All Padauks bear distinctive, round, inedible fruit banded by a flat wing that gives them a flying saucer-like appearance.

Heartwood colour can vary, ranging from a pale pinkish orange to a deep brownish red. Most pieces tend to start reddish orange when freshly cut, darkening substantially over time to a reddish/purplish brown

Padauk is moderately heavy, strong, and stiff, with exceptional stability. It’s a popular hardwood among woodworkers because of its unique colour. Some common uses for Padauk include: veneer, flooring, turned objects, musical instruments, furniture, tool handles, and other small specialty wood objects.

King Solomon, proverbial for his wisdom in governing the Israelites during the 10th century B.C., chose  Padauk for the pillars of his temple. French Kings Louis XV and Louis XVI also favored a red-orange Padauk they called Narra. With it, royal woodworkers crafted kingly cups and chalices. Because water placed in these vessels turned yellow, royalty believed the "potion" had medicinal properties.

Pink Ivory Wood

Handmade Pink Ivory Wood Ballpoint Pen

Pink Ivory (Berchemia zeyheri), also called Red Ivory, umNini or umGoloty, is a very rare African wood used to make luxury products (for example billiard cues, pens and knives). 


The Pink Ivory tree grows predominantly in Zimbabwe, Mozambique and South Africa. The wood is extremely hard, with a density of 990 g/dm³.
Pink Ivory is the royal tree of the Zulus because only the royal family were allowed to possess the wood. Anyone else possessing the wood (including foreigners) was said to be punished with death. (The death sentence was a legend started in order to increase the value of the wood when sold overseas.)


Purpleheart

Handmade Purpleheart Wood Ballpoint Pen

Purpleheart is not just a hardwood — it's a hard wood to miss! Often boasting a vibrant, deep-purple coloration, it's truly one of nature's wonders.

The Purpleheart tree is native to tropical regions of Central and South America, where they occur in tropical rainforests. They are medium-sized to large trees growing to 30-50 m tall, with trunk diameters of up to 1.5 m. The leaves are alternate, divided into a symmetrical pair of large leaflets 5-10 cm long and 2-4 cm broad. The flowers are small, with five white petals, produced in panicles. The fruit is a pod containing a single seed.

The heartwood is a bright, striking purple when freshly cut, darkening into a deeper purple with age. It has a medium to fine texture with a lustre that ranges from medium to high; its grain is usually straight but can be wavy or irregular.

It's small wonder, though, that Purpleheart is immensely popular among turners and carvers. And because the wood is also available in larger sizes, including lumber, it is often used in cabinetry and fine furniture making.

Red Mallee Burr


Handmade Red Mallee Burr Wood Fountain Pen



Red Mallee is a "scrubland vegetation" that is common in many parts of Australia. The trees are prolific producers of burr growths which can be harvested without cutting down the tree. Among other things, it produces a useful oil.

Burr is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner. It is commonly found in the form of a rounded outgrowth on a tree trunk or branch that is filled with small knots from dormant buds.

Some burrs grow beneath the ground, attached to the roots as a type of malignancy that is generally not discovered until the tree dies or falls over.

Burrs yield a very peculiar and highly figured wood, one prized for its beauty by many; its rarity also adds to its expense. It is sought after by people such as furniture makers, artists, and wood sculptors.

Burr wood can be very hard to work in a lathe or with hand tools because its grain is misshapen and not straight.

Red Resin Burr


Handmade Red Resin Burr Wood Fountain Pen



The Red Resin Tree is native to the island of Socotra where it is also known as the Dragon Blood Tree due to the dark red resin it produces. The tree has a unique and strange appearance, rather like an umbrella. The shape is thought to help it survive in arid climates.

The ‘dragons blood’ resin has been used since ancient times as a cure-all and during medieval times in ritualistic magic practices. During the 18th
century it was used as a source of varnish for violins and as toothpaste. It continues to be used in medicine, dyes, varnish and incense to this day.

The burr wood is found in small growths/nodules on the trunk and it is here that the most spectacular figuring and colouration of the wood is to be found.

The burr wood is very rare and only used for special items such as pens, carvings, ornaments and small sculptures.


Sheoak

Handmade Sheoak Wood Mechanical Pencil

Sheoak grows in South-western Australia up to 15m high and 1m trunk diameters.
Because of its ability to grow and develop extensive root systems in very poor or sandy soils, and to completely cover the ground with its "needles", it is often used to stabilise soils in erosion prone areas, or on sand dunes.

The wood ranges from orangey-red-brown to dark red with a fine grain and attractive texture.

Sheoak has large rays and this is probably why European settlers referred to it as oak. It is alleged that the name ‘she’ oak derives from the fact that it is not as tough as true oak.

Typical uses include inlays, panels, decorative furniture, turning and floorings. In the past it was used by settlers for roof shingles and beer barrels.


Spanish Olive

Handmade Spanish Olive Wood Ballpoint Pen

The olive tree, Olea europaea, is an evergreen tree or shrub native to the Mediterranean, Asia and Africa. It is short and squat, and rarely exceeds 8–15 metres (26–49 ft) in height. The silvery green leaves are oblong in shape, measuring 4–10 centimetres (1.6–3.9 in) long and 1–3 centimetres (0.39–1.2 in) wide. The trunk is typically gnarled and twisted.

Olives grow very slowly, and over many years the trunk can attain a considerable diameter. A. P. de Candolle recorded one exceeding 10 metres (33 ft) in girth. The trees rarely exceed 15 metres (49 ft) in height, and are generally confined to much more limited dimensions by frequent pruning. The yellow or light greenish-brown wood is often finely veined with a darker tint; being very hard and close-grained, it is valued by woodworkers.

Olive trees, show a marked preference for calcareous soils, flourishing best on limestone slopes and crags, and coastal climate conditions. They grow in any light soil, even on clay if well drained, but in rich soils they are predisposed to disease and produce poorer oil than in poorer soil. Olives like hot weather, and temperatures below −10 °C (14 °F) may injure even a mature tree. They tolerate drought well, thanks to their sturdy and extensive root system. Olive trees can live for several centuries, and can remain productive for as long if they are pruned correctly and regularly.

Tasmanian Blackwood

Tasmanian Blackwood Wood

Thuya Burr

Handmade Thuya Burr Wood Fountain Pen

Thuya Burr is considered something of a national treasure in Morocco where it is grows in the roots of Tetraclinis articulata trees, one of the few conifers able to coppice.

The Burr is created by the repeated removal of the coppice growth, which stimulates increased growth underground.

The Burrs are a rich golden-brown to orange-red. The wood is very knotty and contorted with an interlocked, fine textured grain.

Thuya Burr wood has been utilized by woodworkers and woodturners for, literally, centuries. In fact, it's mentioned in the Bible, as "Thyine" wood.

The figuring is very fine and attractive. Thuya Burr is naturally resinous and oily, and emits a cedar-like aroma — which is especially noticeable when it's being cut. The resin is often used to preserve paintings.

Thuya Burr is typically used for cabinet making, jewellery boxes, pens and small turned boxes.

Tiger Wood (Goncalo Alves)

Tiger Wood (Goncalo Alves)

The Tree:
Goncalo alves is a large canopy tree from Brazil, sometimes reaching 120 feet in height with a trunk 3 feet in diameter. The tree has a clear, straight cylindrical bole for two-thirds or more of its height, above a small buttress.

The Wood: Goncalo alves ranges in colour from light to reddish brown to deep mahogany red-brown with a striking figure created by beautiful, bold, brown to nearly black irregular markings or striping, with a remarkable resemblance to Tiger skin, which it why it is often known as Tiger Wood. Goncalo alves is reported to be one of the most beautiful tropical woods. The texture is fine to medium and uniform, with a fine grain, varying from straight to interlocked and wavy. In spite of its high density, goncalo alves turns readily, carves well, finishes very smoothly, and takes a beautiful natural polish. The wood is rated highly durable and has exceptional strength.

Uses: Among the most outstanding and attractive woods, goncalo alves is highly prized for its outstanding beauty. It is used for fine furniture and cabinetry, carving, turnery such as bowls and pens, specialty items such as knife handles, brush backs, and archery bows, and for decorative and figured veneers.

Tulipwood

Tulipwood

Turkish Walnut

Turkish Walnut Wood

Simply put Turkish walnut is the finest walnut in the world and highly favoured by the world’s finest furniture craftsmen when the opportunity and funds provide.

It has been known by many names in its colourful history. Old world walnut, Kings Fruit, Royal walnut, Soft-shelled walnut, and even an acorn the Romans knew it as Jupiter's acorn!
The wood is a fine dense grain with long fibres and a strong crush resistance. The wood is very strong and resilient without undue weight. It is hard without being brittle. It machines, cuts and checkers very finely.

Turkish walnut trees are often 2 -5 hundred years old. This by its very nature produces fine wood, wood of character full of figure and contrast known as marblecake. Age also permits the tree to grow to massive size. This imparts stress on the tree resulting in an increase in desirable figure once again, fiddleback or curl. Second is the region in which these trees grow, Eastern Europe and the Middle-East are arid dry climates, hot summers and cold harsh winter seasons produce slow growing dense trees. This results in a finer dense grain in the wood that cannot be hurried and must be grown slowly with the passage of time. Wood of this class is the most sought after for its working qualities. High up on the harsh windy mountains of Turkey the finest grained Turkish walnut grows full of ink-black marblecake laced together with vivid 3-D fiddleback.

Wenge

Wenge Wood


Yew

Handmade Yew Ballpoint Pen

Living longer than any other British native tree species, yew trees can reach 2000 years of age! Yew grows wild across the British Isles and can be found clinging to the sides of crags in Snowdonia and the glens of Scotland. They grow up to 20m high with trunks of 2m in diameter.
In British folklore yew is associated with immortality and death. Yew is well known for its association with and places of burial. Ancient Yews are a feature of many churchyards, and as several are over 1500 years old, they must have growing before Christianity arrived at their locations

The oldest known wooden implement is a spear made of yew wood, about 50,000 years old, from Clacton-on-Sea, England. Archaeological excavations have found yew bows and knives in Swiss lake dwellings from 10,000 years ago. Historically, yew bows were the weapon of choice for both hunting and warfare throughout most of Europe until the invention of firearms.

Due to its hardness, it was used for shuttles, cogs, axle-trees, and pulley-pins. The colourful wood (red heartwood, white sapwood) was used to veneer furniture, to make lute bodies, bowls, tankards, combs, tool handles, pegs, and various art objects. It was used in many ways by various religions, and certain yew objects such as drinking-cups are still regarded as having a certain spiritual potency.

Yew was also employed as a poison, used for assassination, suicide, as an arrow poison, and to poison fish and mammals.

Yew Burr

Handmade Yew Burr Ballpoint Pen

This pen has been made from very rare type of yew, a beautiful and expensive Burr wood.

A Burr is a tree growth in which the grain has grown in a deformed manner. It is commonly found in the form of a rounded outgrowth on a tree trunk or branch that is filled with small knots from dormant buds.

Some burrs grow beneath the ground, attached to the roots as a type of malignancy that is generally not discovered until the tree dies or falls over.

Burrs yield a very peculiar and highly figured wood, one prized for its beauty by many; its rarity also adds to its expense. It is sought after by people such as furniture makers, artists, and wood sculptors.

Burr wood can be very hard to work in a lathe or with hand tools because its grain is misshapen and not straight.

Zebrano

Handmade Zebrano Wood Ballpoint Pen

Zebrano is an African wood that resembles the appearance of a zebra, with dark stripes across a lighter background.

The Zebrano tree is found in tropical West Africa, Cameroon, Guineo-Congolaise rainforest and evergreen coastal forest. The trees may grow to a height of 45m with a trunk diameter of up to 1.5m

Zebrano is considered highly attractive due to its alternating stripes, making it desirable for constructing decorative wood, furniture, veneer, inlay and wood carvings. It may also be used to construct skis and hand tools. It is used most frequently for exotic flooring that, because of its attractive striped features, is not meant to be painted or covered.

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